Fecal excretion of Salmonella Albany, its isolation in the diet and health repercussion on an ocelot (Leopardus pardalis) in captivity

Main Article Content

Gabriela Silva Hidalgo
Héctor Samuel López Moreno
Vianney F. Ortiz Navarrete
Felipe Juárez Barranco
Martín López Valenzuela

Abstract

Salmonella enterica serotypes are 99% responsible for salmonellosis in human and animals, especially Salmonella enterica serovar Albany that has been identified in chicken carcass representing a risk for human and animal health. Salmonella enterica serovar Albany was isolated from the feces of a male ocelot (Leopardus pardalis), at the zoo in Culiacan, Sinaloa, Mexico, and from raw chicken (feline’s diet). The pulsed-field gel electrophoresis pattern (PFGE) generated by Xba I enzyme was identical in both isolates, indicating that the source of infection was the raw chicken. Five months after having isolated the bacteria from the feces, a post mortem study was carried out on the feline. Macroscopically, severe hemorrhagic enterocolitis and renal fibrosis was observed and microscopically, there was evidence of severe mononuclear lymphocytic infiltration in the ileum, as well as necrosis of intestinal villi and crypts, besides severe multifocal interstitial nephritis and fibrosis in both kidneys. The invA gene was amplified from intestinal samples confirming an infection by Salmonella. The microbiologic, molecular and histopathology
diagnoses suggest that death of the feline was caused by ingestion of raw chicken contaminated with Salmonella enterica
serovar Albany. This clinical case highlights the importance of persistent fecal Salmonella shedding animals and describes the
molecular epidemiological relationships of isolates from feces and food, which allowed to find the primary source of infection.

Keywords: salmonellosis, fecal excretion, raw chicken, ocelot.

Article Details